吉大物理70年系列学术活动——交叉科学青年论坛(44)

时间:2022-12-02    点击:

报告题目:Coleman-Weinberg Abrikosov-Nielsen-Olesen strings

报告人:山田雅俊

报告时间:2022年12月8日12:00

腾讯会议:819-259-810


报告摘要

  We study properties of Abrikosov-Nielsen-Olesen (ANO) strings with the Coleman-Weinberg (CW) potential, which we call CW-ANO strings. While the scale-invariant scalar potential has a topologically trivial vacuum admitting no strings at the classical level, quantum correction allows topologically nontrivial vacua and stable string solutions. We find that the system of the CW potential exhibits significant difference from that of the conventional Abelian-Higgs model with the quadratic-quartic potential. While a single-winding string is qualitatively similar in both systems, and the static intervortex force between two strings at large distance is attractive/repulsive in the type-I/II regime for both, that between two CW-ANO strings exhibits a nontrivial structure. It develops an energy barrier between them at intermediate distance, implying that the string with winding number n>1 can constitute a metastable bound state even in the type-II regime. We name such a superconductor type-1.5bar. We also discuss implications to high-energy physics and cosmology.


报告人简介

Prof. Yamada got Ph.D.in the Kanazawa University, Japan, in 2016, then worked as a postdoc at the Kyoto University, Japan (2016), and the Heidelberg University, Germany (2016 - 2022). Prof. Yamada's research interest is in the nonperturbative approaches to quantum field theories such as the functional renormalization group, and its applications to cosmology, phenomenology beyond the standard model, and quantum gravity, also condensed matter systems, etc..


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